Apraxia. Symptoms and types

Types of Apraxia

Definition of apraxia

Apraxia is defined (called "dyspraxia" if mild) is a neurological disorder characterized by loss of the ability to carry out skilled movements and gestures, despite having the desire and physical ability to do it.

Apraxia is the result of dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres, especially the parietal lobe and may arise as a consequence of many diseases or brain injury.

Types of Apraxia

There are several types of apraxia that may occur alone or accompanied. The most common is orofacial or orofacial, which shows the inability to make facial movements at will, and pass his lips, whistling, coughing or wink.

Other types of apraxia include:

  • limbocinética apraxia (inability to make fine and precise movements with an arm or leg)
  • oculomotor apraxia (difficulty moving the eyes at will)
  • ideational apraxia (inability to coordinate activities with multiple, sequential movements, such as dressing, eating and bathing)
  • verbal apraxia (difficulty coordinating mouth movements and speech)
  • constructive apraxia (inability to copy, draw or construct simple figures)
  • ideomotor apraxia (inability to perform the proper movement in response to a verbal command)

Apraxia may be accompanied by a language disorder called aphasia. Ganglionic corticobasal degeneration is a disease that causes a variety of types of apraxia, especially in older adults.

Treatments for Apraxia

Generally, treatment for individuals with apraxia includes physical, occupational or speech. If apraxia is a symptom of another disorder, treat the underlying disorder.

Prognosis for people with apraxia

The prognosis for individuals with apraxia varies and depends in part on the underlying cause. Some patients improve significantly while others show very little improvement.

Research on apraxia

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS, for its acronym in English) supports research on movement disorders and conditions such as apraxia. The goals of this research is to increase scientific understanding of these disorders and finding ways to prevent, treat and cure them.

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