Causes of pelvic pain in women

Pelvic pain

Pelvic pain is pain that is located in the pelvic area or lower abdomen and although it can affect both men and women, are they who suffer most.

Pelvic pain can sometimes reach to the back and thighs. There are many diseases that can cause pelvic pain so that the suffering this kind of pain does not indicate what is easily the clinical diagnosis, because this pain is a symptom of many diseases. This pain is more common in women than in men.

Types of pelvic pain

Pelvic pain can be of two types: acute or chronic. Acute pain is intense and of short duration. It is often seen in people who have undergone surgery. Chronic pain is one that spreads and lasts much longer time. The type of pelvic pain can be mild, moderate or severe, gradually increasing.

It could be a sudden sharp pain that comes and goes or the feeling of being a constant dull ache. These pains may be noticeable during menstruation, when urinating or during sex. Pelvic pain may occur due to problems in areas such as the urinary system, reproductive system, nervous system or the lower intestinal tract. Pelvic pain in women is often linked to the menstrual cycle or female reproductive system.

Causes of pelvic pain in women

Severe pelvic pain in women may be due to the following reasons:

1. Miscarriage: Miscarriage is the loss of the baby during pregnancy and one of its symptoms may be pain or cramps in the abdomen.

2. Ectopic pregnancy: If the fertilized egg is implanted in any area other than the lining of the uterus is what is known as ectopic pregnancy. This can cause pelvic pain and the woman may feel abdominal cramping or pain in this condition.

3. Pelvic inflammatory disease: This is the condition of infection of the reproductive organs in women and can detect if you have chronic pelvic pain.

4. Ovarian cysts: Most ovarian cysts are harmless but some can cause pain that is constant and dull. This pain also may radiate to the back and thighs.

5. Endometriosis: Pain in the pelvic area is one of the main symptoms of this disease.

6. Ovarian cancer: Can cause pelvic discomfort and pain.

7. Menstrual cramps: Heat cramps are painful, dull type lower abdomen.

8. Uterine fibroids: These fibroids may cause pressure or pain in the pelvic area.

Other causes of pelvic pain can be constipation, kidney stones, urinary tract infection, appendicitis, colon cancer or ulcerative colitis.

If you experience pelvic pain should see a doctor to perform the appropriate checks and specific diagnosis is reached.

Since, as we have seen, the causes of pain in the pelvic region are many, the doctor may perform several tests to diagnose the underlying problem.

Some of the tests, the doctor can do is magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound imaging or computed tomography.

Conventional treatment depend on the diagnosis. Sometimes simple can be used as anti-inflammatory drugs, oral contraceptives or antidepressants.

For other problems, surgery is used as a hysterectomy or laparoscopy. Other treatments include muscle relaxants, exercise or hyperthermia. It is important to know the cause to get the right treatment for pelvic pain.

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