Infants and Acid Reflux

Symptoms of acid reflux in babies

Infant acid reflux is very common. People of all ages, especially infants because they consume only liquids or soft foods, suffer from mild heartburn or acid regurgitation once in a while.

As in adult cases, infants experience acid reflux when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is relaxed. The LES acts like a valve between the esophagus and stomach. It opens to let food pass into the stomach and then closes to protect the esophagus and other organs of acid reflux.

Unfortunately, it is difficult to determine if a child has developed a chronic form of heartburn called gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD.

Symptoms of acid reflux in babies

To determine whether a child has a chronic form of heartburn (gastroesophageal reflux), you should consult your pediatrician. Symptoms that can be searched are:

  • Sleep problems
  • Cough
  • Weight loss
  • Lack of appetite
  • Frequent regurgitation
  • Apnea.
  • The infant acid reflux symptoms usually include:
  • Recurrent cough
  • Bad breath
  • Coughing often
  • Irritability
  • Unusual crying
  • Chest pain
  • Sore throat

Acid reflux disease can cause respiratory problems including pneumonia, strictures and ulcerations on the esophageal wall, and malnutrition.

Causes of acid reflux in babies

There are several causes of acid reflux in babies. Many causes are compounded by the fact that children, far more than adults, consume mostly liquids and spend a lot of time on his back or supine.

Keep in mind that while lying is pressure on the sphincter (esophagus valve) and increases the chances of reflux. Other causes can be attributed to the anatomy of children, prone position, poor diet, smoking (parents), overweight and food allergies.

In addition to GERD, children may be diagnosed with a functional version of acid reflux. This condition can be improved with simple modifications such as changing eating habits, keeping the child upright after eating.

Consider that the gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), chronic, requiring medical treatment by a specialist, as well as changes in lifestyle.

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