Neurasthenia - Causes and Symptoms


The word neurosis means "nervous asthenia," weakness of the nervous system.

Neurasthenia is considered as a psychoneurosis, ie, as a condition, such as hysteria, affecting both the psychic sphere and to the nerve.

But just as in hysteria prevalent mental disorders on the neurotic, in the sense presented in the foreground exaggerated emotionality, extreme volubility of humor, morbid simulation, conscious and unconscious, the hobby of showing the ills , imaginary or simulated times, with the reason for moving others and impress, by the disorders, to those around him (pathological exhibitionism). However, in neurasthenia, neurotic disorders prevalent in the sense that the various functional alterations neurasthenia are actually present in the patient who suffers deeply and not simulated, although unconsciously exaggerate the severity of their conditions by causing excessive concern their health.

Neurasthenia is, therefore, an aspect psychoneurosis characterized in subjective psychic suffering numerous, and appearance by somatic important and diverse functional disorders which are located mainly in the vegetative nervous system (neurosis), and the hormonal .

Causes of neurasthenia

There are many acquired disease states that can cause the appearance of neurasthenia:

  • Long debilitating conditions
  • Infectious diseases, especially (syphilis, tuberculosis, malaria, chronic, etc.).
  • Habitual intoxication by alcohol, snuff, narcotics (opium, morphine, etc.).
  • Prolonged disorders of the digestive system: digestion, laborious and often painful, caused by chronic conditions of the digestive organs (stomach: chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, etc.).
  • Internal glandular diseases: hyperthyroidism (Graves disease), repeated and closely spaced pregnancies, prolonged lactation, which weaken and exhaust (especially if the woman can not be nourished abundantly)
  • Prolonged abuse
  • Physical trauma, especially the skull (severe bruising, etc.).
  • Psychological trauma, producing a prolonged state of emotional tension abnormal, excessive wear and psychical depressing emotions, states of anxiety, fear or concern, grave disappointment (especially loving nature)
  • Various misfortunes (death of a loved one, serious accident, sudden financial ruin).
  • To this was added, giving much importance, excessive intellectual fatigue, but at present, almost all physiologists and neuro deny that mental work in itself, even if prolonged, may cause neurasthenia (nervous exhaustion).

As we see, many pathological conditions that can cause acquired neurasthenia, but these causes act only as neurastenizantes factors when present in individuals predisposed to illness of neurasthenia, a single constitutional predisposition, which is a congenital anomaly psychoneurotic, sometimes is also hereditary (so we can speak of "families neurasthenic").

For in-depth research of family and personal medical history of the neurasthenic individual, the physician can easily find in the family genealogy psiconeuropática any generic or specific deficiency, and the individual's previous life (childhood, adolescence) some particular mental abnormalities as volubility of humor, emotion exaggerated or paradoxical, impressionability and abnormal suggestibility, shyness elusive, and so on.

Therefore, summarizing the causes of neurasthenia, we can say:

  • That neurasthenia is conditioned not only the incidence of one or more of the many acquired disease states we have cited, but also requires the prior existence of a constitutional ground psychoneurotic order individual defects in the form of psychological and neuropathic family or personal over which develops and germinates easily from seed neurasthenia.
  • That the cause of the disease makes much of the constitutional factor, and that given the times we would all be true neurasthenic (as fortunately are not).
  • What are two pathogenetic forms of neurasthenia: a) congenital neurasthenia, primary or essential constitutional whose sole or predominant cause must be sought in the constitutional psiconeuropático substrate in certain individuals, when it seems that a state of hyperexcitability of the parasympathetic. b) the neurasthenic syndrome (most common, though less severe), which must be evaluated on a pre-existing ground psychoneurotic hereditary constitution, the existence of one or more pathological causes we have mentioned.

Symptoms of neurasthenia

The symptoms of neurasthenia is varied and complex, because it consists of a number of symptoms of psychological, neurological, visceral neurotic, resulting malaise after some time.

Among the disorders of psychological remember:

  • The intellectual exhaustion (which is usually more pronounced in the morning than the afternoon), can not stand prolonged intellectual efforts or very intense;
  • Memory failure, even for things new and very important
  • The difficulty in maintaining attention
  • The excessive impressionability character
  • The permanent bad mood (acid, irritable and melancholy);
  • The pursuit of fixed ideas and obsessive character pessimistic tone (often refer to one's health status)
  • The existence of phobias
  • Motor impairment. Light hand tremors (shaking writing), language (pronunciation unclear), eyelids, loss of sensitivity: headaches continuous or nearly continuous, pain in the spine and muscles, especially the lower extremities, the patient in this condition get tired easily when walking or even standing.

Feeling of dizziness, floaters, buzzing and noise, itching, tingling, numbness or tingling in one leg or arm (causing great concern to the patient who considered incipient paralysis) disturbance of the reflexes, which are more vivid normal in the constitutional neurasthenia, sexual dysfunction (men may become impotent) in the so-called sexual neurasthenia.

Neurotic disorders visceral order are the most varied, and can be located in the heart (heart palpitations, etc..) In the blood vessels (sudden paleness or redness of the face) in the digestive organs (poor appetite, nausea, etc. ) in the urinary organs (frequent need to urinate in the respiratory tract (hot flashes, feeling of shortness of breath, etc.).

Because of all these neurological disorders and visceral psychoneurological, it follows that the general condition resenting end (weight loss, anemia, exhaustion of physical strength, decreased blood pressure), especially as the neurasthenic is fed little, digest it well, Sleep does not benefit, as they almost always have great insomnia. This condition can lead to depression and pessimistic.

Some natural remedies for neurasthenia

  • Discontinue the toxic food and beverage (coffee, alcohol and snuff).
  • Mental distraction and relaxation practice sessions.
  • Wear loose-fitting cotton clothing.
  • Do not interrupt the digestion, but rest after the main meal
  • To nourish the nervous system recommends eating walnuts and eating sunflower seeds for breakfast or snack, and sesame meals. Furthermore, sesame oil is a good nutrient for the nervous system.
  • Hydrotherapy: cold water Rubs arms and legs after rubbing the body to warm it.
  • You can take the following teas: orange blossom, lime, dandelion, peppermint, chamomile, rosemary, sage.
  • Sunbathing.
  • Take short baths of cold water.
  • Exercise.

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