Osteoporosis in the elderly. Causes and prevention

Osteoporosis in the elderly. Causes

Osteoporosis in the elderly. Causes and prevention

Osteoporosis is a common problem in the elderly. It is a disease related to various factors, risk factors, which influence or inspire the development of it. It is highly common in women, but not exclusive, since men can also suffer.

Factors that influence the disease of Osteoporosis
- Ageing in itself implies a reduction of bone mass by slowing metabolism and turn itself to see the fabric. Another example, sarcopenia, loss of skeletal muscle mass of the central nervous system deterioration and reduction of motor neuron innervation in muscle decline in contractility of muscle fibers, reduced circulating levels of anabolic hormones including testosterone, estrogen and growth hormone. The reduction involves a reduction in bone muscle. Increase the fat in pursuit of the lean.

- Menopause in women. The decrease in the amount of estrogen produced in the ovaries is drastically reduced after the menopause. This hormone is necessary to maintain the optimal balance of calcium in bones.

- Diet low in calcium. Especially after menopause there is a greater loss of calcium in the urine. If the amount is not replaced correctly eliminated there will be an imbalance, thus facilitating a rapid decrease in bone mass and consequently osteoporosis.

- Good hydration and mineralization. The low intake of water and minerals in many cases, it does go into deficit in bone mass. Not only there is a need calcium in the diet, but its proportionate balance with Magnesium, Phosphorus main.

- Diets inadequate in later life related to several problems which make a total balance of macro and micronutrients intake of unbalanced (too much of some nutrients and lack of others). Some of these problems are less efficiently in the gastrointestinal tract peristalsis both creation as hydrochloric acid and digestive enzymes, perception of taste and smell loss, modification of the structure in the absorption surface of cells, decline levels of mucosal immune function.

- Acidity of blood pH. Over time, taking into account the worst performance of all cleaning systems of the body, mitochondria as protagonist, and type of food intake (excess food against the alkalizing acidifying), or poor intake, or the lack of movement or all the factors together, causing blood to be presented with a pH more acidic than it should. Lack of nutrients, eg branched chain amino acids are necessary to prevent muscle degradation favoring a net metabolic alkalosis, because then we would add muscle breakdown due to lack of exercise due to the slowing of optimal fiber formation, more loss of muscle mass due to the low intake of essential amino acids. In addition to this degradation and acidification blood loss of muscle mass, plus due to acidification acidifying foods. The calcium in the bone will have to compensate blood acid pH, plus trailing muscle mass due to inactivity. We see that there are many factors summations.

- Prolonged immobilisation is highlighted this factor as a bonus, because as you age in general, and more in our society is becoming less and less exercise. The way to generate bone is continuing an active life and keeping muscle, which stimulates the formation and strengthening of bones. This accommodation habits coupled with many diseases and infirmities of old age that forces the population to remain bedridden or inactive for long periods, makes it accentuates the problem of osteoporosis.

- Low sun exposure and liver malfunctions and / or kidneys. A shortage of essential sunlight exposure, coupled with a more worn perhaps liver where their work metabolizing molecules, synthesis and conversion be slowed, and a kidney that may be saturated or collapsed and metabolic functions are also damaged, can cause high reduced formation of vitamin D, essential for calcium absorption from the diet.

- Medicines. As one ages, are increased needs of drug use long-term treatment. Many of them produce an adverse effect on bone loss, such as steroids used in treatment of chronic diseases.

- In some elderly people with excess alcohol and snuff, there has been an increased frequency of osteoporosis. Some of the most common additions, without drugs mentioned above, are the excessive use of laxatives. These prevent the absorption of many minerals in the diet and fat-soluble vitamins essential.

For prevention of osteoporosis:
- Exercise appropriate and consistent with each person. In these exercises is required a combination of aerobic exercise with some impact. It will exercise the muscles that allow us to: better blood circulation, improves heart, eliminate toxins, improve liver function by helping shedding, improving the number and size of mitochondria (especially if fasting is where you enter route of beta oxidation of fatty acids). Impact exercises, which is understood something that does not involve a sudden shock that might hurt the structure, but if something involving a different movement to the sustained aerobic. This type of exercise generates bone, maintained, worn bone.

- Sunbathing, which was so grateful, both for the energy that in itself gives us the sun, to help build much-needed vitamin such as vitamin D. taking the precautions of not having long exposures at peak sunlight and high temperatures, and good hydration, walks in the sun are very desirable, if possible, changing the display area, because a dark skin and tanned and shall prevent increasingly ray absorption and therefore the formation of vitamin D. As the absorption in the intestine of macro and micronutrients is decreased, and the ability to synthesize vitamin D through the skin, will often recommend the use of supplements.

- Adequate nutrient intake. For this it will be advisable, both the information-education of the elderly, as the accompanying monitoring. In itself, the involvement of relatives, institutions, or responsibility that is essential for good nutrition of these people. Be advised and high quality foods that tend to be unbalanced intakes: or eat much, or as normal, they eat very little. In both cases there is an imbalance that is offset by high quality foods, since excessive intake if they arrive before satiation, and in low nutrient intake will have enough to keep out in malnutrition.

- Social life and find daily motivation. Since no interaction with society is easier to fall into neglect, apathy, depression, etc.. with the consequent deterioration in pitting all the functions of the person, both motor, metabolic, intellectual, emotional, psychological, neurological.

- And as for drugs or addictions, the ideal would not use them, but when necessary (speaking here only of drugs) as trying to balance the dose and when the primary treatments are not followed medicating (something that elderly are given). To partly mitigate the adverse effects of some drugs could resort to using natural therapies such as herbal medicine, acupuncture, always bearing in mind that may help to improve without interfering with the action of the principle drug.

Related topics:
Osteoporosis Natural Treatments
Osteoporosis and menopause
Menopause. Symptoms
The laws of healing through food
Health Diet

Machine translation