Ovarian cysts and endometriosis

Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs similar to blisters that are within or on the surface of an ovary.

Many women develop during their childbearing years, and most women will have at least one during their lifetime. Although most ovarian cysts are harmless and have little or no discomfort, can produce symptoms that can even be fatal, especially if the cyst bursts.

Often, women do not feel any symptoms of having ovarian cysts, but in some cases may have symptoms similar to ovarian cancer, endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, appendicitis.

Symptoms of ovarian cysts

Some of the symptoms of ovarian cysts are:

  • Irregular menses
  • Pelvic pain (during or before the period, during sex or constant pain radiating to the back and thighs)
  • Sickness
  • Breast tenderness
  • Vomiting
  • Pressure on the bladder or rectum.

Types of ovarian cysts

There are three types of ovarian cysts

  • Follicular ovarian cysts or functional
  • Cysts of the corpus luteum of the ovary
  • Chocolate cyst (endometrioma)

Endometriosis can cause complex ovarian cysts (endometriomas), commonly called chocolate cysts (because they are filled with a thick chocolate-colored material) that are often of a size between 0.4 inches (1.02 cm) and 4 inches (10 , 16 cm).

60% of women with ovarian endometriosis often have this problem. Small cysts are formed outside the ovary to be bigger and produce endometriosis in the ovary. The stimulation of hormones during the menstrual cycle produces many small cysts that eventually can occupy the normal ovarian tissue. It can break and eventually lead to severe pelvic pain.

Chocolate cysts and other types of cysts can be dangerous, so it is important to contact a physician or health care professional as soon as possible if one of the most severe symptoms. It is always advisable to be some kind of check from time to time.

Machine translation