AIDS. Symptoms

Definition of AIDS

A syndrome caused by HIV (HTLV-III/LAV), causing cellular immunodeficiency which is manifested by the development of various opportunistic infections and neoplasms that has an aggressive course, particularly Kaposi's sarcoma. In studies carried out, what is highlighted is the decrease in T helper lymphocytes and an increased amount of gamma globulins.

Symptoms of AIDS

Research conducted by NIAID scientists, among others, confirm that in many cases there are no symptoms when infected with HIV. However, it is possible that after one or two months, a person can have symptoms similar to influenza or flu:

* Fever
* Headache
* Tiredness
* Swollen glands (glands in the immune system, located in the neck and groin, which sometimes swell when you have an infection).

Usually, this discomfort is confused with other viral infections and disappears in a period that can range from one week to one month, during which time the disease is highly contagious, because HIV is present in large amounts in blood, semen and vaginal discharge.
More serious symptoms of AIDS

Similarly, according to results of studies conducted by NIAID, sometimes it takes a long time before more serious symptoms are seen such as:

* Profound fatigue without any cause
* Rapid weight loss
* Frequent fevers
* Profuse night sweats.

This period varies considerably from person to person and can last over 10 years from the moment the virus enters the body of an adult and up to 2 years when a child is born with the HIV infection.

Remember that the symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of infections that are not normally developed in individuals with healthy and strong immune systems. These are called opportunistic infections.

HIV exhausts the immune system of people with AIDS, which are very susceptible to these opportunistic infections.