Anemia: Symptoms

Definition of anemia

Etymologically the term "anemia" means "without blood". Clinically is decreased below the normal range of hemoglobin or red blood cell number in absolute terms due to loss or destruction of red blood cells and disturbances in its formation.

Symptoms of anemia
Keep in mind that there are tens of anemias classified; here, therefore we will refer only to the most important, or hyperchromatic hyperchromic anemia (eg, pernicious anemia), anemia hypochromic hypochromic oe (eg anemia secondary iron deficiency anemia) and thalassemia.

Symptoms of anemia hyperchromic
In this case the erythrocytes or red blood cells decreased more in number than in the hemoglobin content, so the globular value, which shows the richness of hemoglobin in red blood cells is higher than normal.

Do not confuse the term hyperchromic because they are said in relation to erythrocyte hyperchromic, not by skin color the person is often pale.

Symptoms of pernicious anemia
It is a megaloblastic anemia caused by malabsorption of vitamin B12 because of decreased secretion of intrinsic factor. Family of probable hereditary basis.

Symptoms of pernicious anemia highlight:
* Atrophic glossitis pain and burning in tongue, which often have red sore, then to become atrophic and smooth.
* Aquilia gastric absence in the gastric juice pepsin and a lack of hydrochloric acid.
* Lack of appetite
* Vomiting and diarrhea
* Pale skin tone straw yellow
* Weakness and emaciation
* Sometimes edematous swelling of the subcutaneous tissue
* The spleen and liver hypertrophy are usually in advanced stages
* Paresthesia: tingling, numbness, numbness, etc..
* Ataxia: Decreased ability to coordinate movements.
* Remarkable reduction of red blood cells, which are enlarged (megalocytes)
* In the bone marrow is typically found megaloblasts

Symptoms of anemia hypochromic
In this case the red blood cells or erythrocytes have decreased their hemoglobin content is more than numbers. The globular value comes out lower than normal red blood cells being bleached.

Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia
One of the most common anemias. It déficil induced anemia iron (Fe) and is characterized by hypochromia and microcytosis of red blood cells, decreased serum iron, transferrin and increased saturation index drop.

Other symptoms are:

* Tiredness or fatigue
* Digestive Disorders
* Lack of appetite
* Abnormal menstrual cycle
* Leather with pale grayish


Anemia secondary
It is said of anemia that are as consequences of other diseases. They can be either hypochromic or hyperchromic.

The hypochromic type are due to diseases such as bleeding from severe trauma or after an operation, caused by bleeding or epistaxis, hemorrhoids, stomach ulcers, kidney damage, malignancies, inadequate nutrition, etc..

The hyperchromic type are less frequent than before, and are caused by diseases such as liver cirrhosis, Addison's disease, gastric resection, etc..

Symptoms of Thalassemia

Beta thalassemia major or Cooley's disease is a severe form of familial hereditary anemia in which abnormal hemoglobin is produced. This type of thalassemia is seen more in Mediterranean countries and in smaller countries where Asians and African Americans.

The symptoms of beta thalassemia major highlight:
* Children with weight and height that is below normal
* Bone deformities of the head with radial grooves can be felt by hand.
* The face may have almond shaped eyes and further apart than normal
* Prominent upper lip
* Flat nose root
* The skin is pale with earthy texture
* Abdomen swollen by inflammation of the liver and spleen
* Chest narrow and thin
* Fatigue


Related topics:

Anemia. Medical Treatments and Natural Remedies
General blood test
Classification of anemias

*Automatic Translation