B vitamins Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), B2 (Riboflavin)

The B vitamins are essential nutrients that have certain characteristics in common. Water-soluble vitamins are not protein containing nitrogen, found in foods such as brewer's yeast, meat, whole grains and vegetables.

Although they differ chemically from each other, however, because the reactions that occur in the body are interrelated.

For example, B9 and B12 are perfectly interconnected.
The B2, or riboflavin, is required to activate the B6.
The B3 can be made through other dietary substances provided that the organism is present in vitamin B6.

Main functions of the vitamin B complex
The main functions of the vitamin B complex stress

- The release of energy from food.
- In the metabolism of fats and proteins.
- Needed to make skin, hair, eyes, mouth and liver are in
healthy state.
- Indispensable for the proper functioning of the brain and nervous system.

You could say that these vitamins are:

neurotropic (acting nervous system) B1.
anabolic (involved in the construction of tissue) Bc, B5.
Antianaemic: (allowing the development of blood cells) B9, B12.

Vitamin B1 or thiamine. Functions
Vitamin B1 (thiamin) is a complex substance that participates in the breaking of chemical bonds carbon-carbon and is one of the cofactors of pyruvate decarboxylase (an enzyme that breaks down carbohydrates).

It plays an important role in the functioning of the nervous system and muscles as well as for the assimilation of carbohydrates. Essential in the metabolism of the brain. Works synergistically with vitamin B1 and B3.

It is like the rest of the B complex in yeast, germ of cereals, pulses, nuts, potatoes, etc..

What is uses vitamin B1 or Thiamin

It is prescribed in cases of deficiency, neuritis, alcoholism (alcoholism), gastrointestinal disorders of infants, people with stressful jobs in adolescents during growth and neuralgic and rheumatic pains.

Vitamin B2 or riboflavin. Functions
It is one of the members of an important family of compounds called "flavins. Vitamin B2 is related to electron transport during the respiratory cycle and is essential to the process of releasing energy in all cells.

Its combination with phosphoric acid (lecithins) leads to the formation of two coenzymes. So he has an important role in cellular respiration, draws energy for cells and also allows the body to metabolize sugars and proteins.

What vitamin is used b2o Riboflavin

It is prescribed in cases of vitamin deficiency (swelling of lips, Boquera, glossitis), infant growth failure, malabsorption.

Most elements of the intestinal flora synthesize vitamin B2, like sprouts. This vitamin is stored in both the liver and heart.

Values of the RDA for men 23 to 50 years of age and their relationship "High Security" / RDA

RDA Vitamin Security Level
Thiamin (B1) 1.4 mg over 100

Riboflavin (B2) 1.6 mg over 100

Niacin (B3) 18 mg NE about 100

Pantoténico1 acid (B5) 4-7 mg over 100

Pyridoxine (B6) 2.2 mg 100

Folic acid (B9) 400 ug over 50

Vitamin B12 3 ug over 100

Vitamin C 60 mg about 100

Biotin (B7) 100-200 ug over 100

Vitamin D 5 ug (200 IU) about 10

Vitamin E 10 mg-TE (15 IU) over 100

Vitamin K 70-140 ug over 50

Vitamin A 1000 ug RE2 around 10 *

about 3 **

NE = Niacin equivalent in

RE = Retinol Equivalence in

TE = Tocopherol

1 = estimate of a safe and adequate level instead of RDA, due to limited available evidence.

2 = is the equivalent of 3333 IU of retinol or 5000 IU vitamin A diet.

* = Relationship between the levels are still considered safe in the vast majority of adults and RDS Standard.

** = Women of childbearing age.

Related Topics
* Vitamin A, retinol or axeroftol
* The Beta-Carotene
* Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)
* Vitamin B3 or nicotinamide
* Vitamin B9 or folic acid, B10 (PABA), B11
Vitamin D or calciferol
* Vitamin E or tocopherol
* Vitamin K
* Vitamin B4, B5, B6, B7, B8
* Brewer's yeast

*Automatic Translation