The Beta-Carotene - Properties

The carotene is a yellow pigment found in many vegetables. It is a very aromatic unsaturated terpene which occurs in three forms and one of these isomers, the optically inactive Beta carotene is two times more biologically effective than the alpha and gamma-carotene.
Beta carotene is one of the most important fitopigmentos and is found throughout the plant kingdom. Belongs to the family of carotenoids and when ingested, serves as a precursor to Vitamin A. For this reason, often referred to as provitamin A.

The Beta-carotene and vitamin A

This conversion of beta-carotene into Vitamin A occurs in the liver, kidney and intestinal mucosa at a level that varies by individual, depending on their physiological needs. Beta carotene is converted in the liver by the action of the enzyme produced corotenasa from a Beta-carotene molecule, two molecules of vitamin A.

The carotene is converted into vitamin A and normally stored in the liver, especially Kupffer cells, except a small amount circulating in the blood and tissues, in order to satisfy our daily needs.
Now Beta-carotene is recognized as a substance important in itself, being one of the main antioxidant nutrients in our diet. Antioxidants are substances that help our bodies to destroy or neutralize harmful free radicals that occur naturally and, if allowed to proceed unchecked, can damage tissues and organs.

Symptoms of vitamin A deficiency
The vitamin A deficiency manifests itself in different ways:
- Excessive keratinization of the cutaneous epithelium and mucosal surfaces, including the cornea, conjunctiva, producing the phenomena of night blindness.
- Problems in the tissues of the tongue, respiratory tract and urogenital.
- Frequent infections.
- Changes in the skin and mucous membranes.
- Increased destruction of vitamin C.
- Pigmentation problems.

Indications and Properties of Beta-Carotene
Acne In: The Beta-carotene reduces sebum production and the accumulation of keratin in the follicles. The use of natural Beta Carotene.
In allergies: Carotenoids protect the airway wall by a potent antioxidant and its ability to become Vitamin A, an essential nutrient. Beta-carotene reduces the production of leukotrienes that trigger inflammatory and allergic reactions.
The Cystitis: The Betacorteno protects the urinary tract; antioxidant.
In the mouth problems: Necessary to regenerate damaged tissue and inflamed gums.
Colds, flu and infections: The Beta Carotene plays an important role in protecting against viruses and infections, especially respiratory. Increases the amount of antibodies. It is antiviral. Strengthens the respiratory tract tissues. Offers protection against viruses from the air. Beta carotene is an antioxidant more potent than vitamin A and is not toxic. Protects the thymus.
Digestive Ulcers: To protect the intestinal wall.
HIV and AIDS: Powerful antioxidant, neutralizes free radicals, protects the lungs, increases defenses and protects the heart.
To sum up: an extra dose of beta carotene would be necessary in cases of low resistance to infections, night blindness, impaired skin and mucous membranes and to protect the action of vitamin C.

Natural sources of beta-carotene
The main sources of natural beta-carotene are are carrots, pumpkin, sweet potato, melon, squash, grapefruit, apricot or peach, broccoli or broccoli, spinach and most green leafy vegetables. If the color of the fruit or vegetable is very intense, the higher the beta carotene content.

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