Carbohydrates: Classification. General

Carbohydrates. Match
Carbohydrates, also known as carbohydrates, sucrose, sugars, carbohydrates and glycosides are substances that differences in fat have a very simple chemical structure. Being basically constituted by the same three elements to them, namely carbon, hydrogen and oxygen are referred to as carbohydrates or carbohydrates because in its composition the hydrogen and oxygen enter the same proportion as in water H2O is the two to one.
Moderately has been used but the term Carbohydrates because its main component is glucose. Carbohydrates have been classified according to the number of its molecules into two groups, which in turn are subdivided into three: Carbohydrates direct or among which are monosaccharides including glucose or grape sugar and fructose sugars LEVULAN these that are present in most fruits. These are the carbohydrates that have a simpler form and are in keeping the best and most rapid assimilation by the body are.
Carbohydrates indirect or disaccharides and polysaccharides: these are carbohydrate more complex formula, which synthesize several molecules also received the denomination of starchy or flour.


Disaccharide sugars are those whose molecule resulting from the union of two monosaccharide molecules with elimination of a molecule of water, and among them we reviewed the lactose or milk sugar and sucrose or cane sugar and beet.


The polysaccharides are those whose carbohydrate molecule is obtained by the union of several monosaccharide molecules, two or more with the consequent elimination of water molecules. Are among the polysaccharides starch, glycogen and cellulose. Bread, pasta, rice, potatoes, etc.. are rich in starch treated at both polysaccharides. The overall fresh fruit, figs, dates, grapes, etc.. on the contrary abound in monosaccharides.

Carbohydrates. Its functions

Carbohydrates provide the body's largest source of energy for immediate use and delivered around half of the calories that fat provides, but as we said before the parameter is not entirely calories valid according to modern principles of natural dietary , which considers much more important for maintaining health and physiological balance the harmonious overall contribution of the various vital substances that the body needs.
Carbohydrates play an important role in addition to internal organs and central nervous system function properly as well as in the contraction of the heart and muscles. Our bodies can not manufacture carbohydrates so we take them from plants or animals that eat plants.
Carbohydrates play not only an energy function, but also a plastic function. The sugars enter into the composition of cell nuclei and connective tissue. Functional plastics or sugars are four:
Pentoses, known as restorative of nucleoproteins. Two are the most important ribose nucleoproteins constituents of the cell cytoplasm and a certain number of enzymes. The deoxyribose, constituents of nucleoproteins of the nucleus.
Glucuronic acid formed in the liver from glucose, plays an essential role in detoxification. Many substances, hormones, toxic products are eliminated in the form of glucuronide conjugate.
Mucopolysaccharides are complex substances formed by derivatives of sugars, are the source of the mucin and cartilage tissue cosets.
Brains are complex products extracted from the brain essentially lipid-containing galactose.

*Automatic Translation