Colitis. Symptoms

Definition of colitis
The term colitis is used to refer to inflammation of the colon. When, as often happens with great frequency, colonic inflammation is associated with the small intestine (enteritis) is presented enterocolitis.

Classification of colitis

Usually ulcerative colitis are divided into specific, ie due to infectious causes well defined, such as typhus, bacillary and amoebic dysentery, childhood tuberculosis, etc., And colitis generic, nonspecific or specific.
* Amebic colitis: Colitis due to Amoeba coli or Entamoeba histolytica
* Mucous colitis or irritable colon.
* Polypoid Colitis: Inflammation of the last portions of the colon with pedunculated excrescences production, like polyps characteristic of Crohn's disease.
* Ulcerative colitis: chronic ulceration of the colon, with episodic exacerbations that consistently affects the rectum and may extend along the entire intestine.

Symptoms of colitis
The most common are colitis or mucous catarrh, in which the microbial agent is used to develop and located in the lining of the colon by decreasing the resistance of the intestinal walls. Causes may be dietary disorders, colds belly, physical effort, repeated abuse of purgatives and enemas, abdominal bruising, etc..

Symptoms of acute catarrhal colitis
The symptoms of acute catarrhal colitis are:
Abdominal pains are accentuated during defecation
More or less abundant diarrhea, sometimes alternating with periods of constipation
Fever generally irregular and not elevated, sometimes lack.
The stool is liquid or semi-liquid, whitish mucus containing and smelly.
Within 5-7 days the acute catarrhal colitis tends to heal, but sometimes tends to become chronic.

Symptoms of chronic catarrhal colitis
This may be the result of acute catarrhal colitis or presented from the beginning with the characters of chronicity.

Its symptoms highlight:
* Pain around the abdomen
* The hand that touches the abdomen colon sometimes perceived as a hard cord because of the spasms that contracture and has hardened its walls.
* Progressive thinning.
* The person becomes nervous or irritable for their suffering.

Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms
There are also other forms of colitis such as ulcerative colitis, most critical, of doubtful etiology. Although colitis is sometimes manifest acutely with high fever and diarrhea with mucopurulent numerous discharges mixed with blood, more often is that these colitis are introduced slowly and insidiously.

At first the patient has from time to time for a few days and cramping more or less alive and diarrheal discharges emitting semi-liquid or liquid stools containing mucus and pus (in the long intervals of wellness between episodes following the colic and ill have enough time to fully recover). But after pigtails episodes are becoming more frequent, longer and more severe, and feces, and contain mucus and pus, also contain blood from the ulcers formed in the colonic mucosa.

A picture emerges of widespread poisoning with fever, progressive anemia pernicious type, decreased blood pressure and rapid weight loss and impressive.

One must distinguish this colitis from ulcerative colitis amebic colitis, ulcerative colitis tuberculous ulceration of the bowel cancer or colon and have to establish a differential diagnosis.

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*Automatic Translation