Dark field microscope: Gunther Enderlein and Maria M. Bleker

If we understand the study of blood with dark field microscopy is imperative to know something better to which he gave an extraordinary impulse to this technique as one of his followers and defenders: Günther Enderlein and Mary M. Bleker respectively.

Günther Enderlein
Born in Leipzig, the son of a teacher, studied in Leipzig and Berlin, where he earned his doctorate in 1898 as a zoologist.

Says Dr. Herbert Weidner in his biography of Enderlein, during consideration of the doctorate, the question of Prof. Dr. preffer, Plant Physiology expert, what is the difference between plant and animal, he replied: "No". They say the astonished professor rose from his chair saying, "I must interrupt the test. You give me answers that surprise me greatly, so I do not know why I ask. " This earned him the "Summa cum laude". He became professor in 1924. First he worked as an assistant in the Zoological Museum in Berlin, and later went to Szczecin (Poland, at that time belonged to Germany). In the two museums had much success working entomological and taxonomically in no fewer than 14 different kinds of insects. He had more than 200 jobs taxonométricas accurate lists, not only in species and genera, but also in higher categories.

During the First World War served as surgeon-major military (despite being a biologist), under which there were no doctors available at that time. But for the work he had to do there, was opened for him a whole new field for studying the microbial world. Based on countless observations and hundreds of sketches made by himself under the microscope showed that bacteria develop ciclogenéticamente through certain stages, similar to the metamorphosis of insects, and each developmental stage has a special morphological characteristics and a specific biological task. Is this what is called pleomorphism.

In 1916 he unveiled during the meeting of the Society of Friends of Nature Researchers in Berlin, his knowledge of "Basic Elements of Comparative Morphology and Biology of Bacteria. His book titled "Cyclogenie Bakterien" (Ciclogenia of Bacteria), complete manuscript and could not publish until 1925 because of the war.

The death of his wife (1920) for tuberculosis led him to engage in a thorough study of this disease. Although Günther Enderlein was also devoted to the study of parasites in plants, never abandoned his work and studies taxonométricos. In 1937 he completely abandoned this work to begin a new phase in his life as a researcher. After a second marriage with the daughter of a professor at the Medical Faculty of Heidelberg, microbiology was his tireless research. While his entomological studies, addressed during his free time in the study of comparative morphology of the classification of bacteria.

Between 1931 and 1940 published the four volumes of the "Archive of the phylogeny of Bacteria" ( "Archiv für Entwicklungsgeschichte der Bakterien"); between 1946 and 1956 following six "Immunobiological" and between 1955 and 1959 in 3 volumes "Akmon, foundation stones for a full health and Akmosofia study "(" Akmon, Vollgesundheit und Bausteine zur Akmosophie "). He worked on Lues, Smallpox, Tuberculosis and Humoral pathology. From foreground, began in 1931 with the development of medicinal products, especially products against cancerous diseases which he called "Endobiont-Chondritin"

After 1933 he was production manager at a small pharmaceutical company: Sanum (after Sanum-Kehlbeck).

In 1944 he founded his own pharmaceutical company IBICO in Berlin, then transferred to Hamburg. He published a newspaper called Akmon.

Although their research methods did not always win the acceptance of all that does not detract from the excellent performance and efficiency of this passionate and tireless researcher, and more so as Dr. Herbert Weidner that the road to truth is never straight . I would add that not only in this field but in all types of study, from the scientific to the religious or ethical-moral. But these changes of direction toward the ultimate goal that we discover the fascinating panorama of an unknown land.

Günther Enderlein died in 1968 in Hamburg.

After his death, ibex and Sanum joined in 1975 to form the Sanum-Kehlbeck company still active today.

In his scientific work and his theories about pleomorphism and origins of diseases published over 500 scientific articles, mainly on insects. He worked on the taxonomy and systematics of many families of insects. Many insects have been described and are named in his honor. His way of distinction on morphological characteristics led to some disputes within the scientific community of his time.

However caused more sensation when he developed and published his concepts of pleomorphism of microorganisms. The concept of pleomorphism was quite controversial at the end of the 19th century and early 20th century. Finally the concept of monomorphism Louis Pasteur was imposed.

Maria M. Bleker
I can not conclude this article without mentioning Mary M. Bleker.

Maria-Montserrat Bleker Capellades born in Mons in 1931 in Barcelona (Spain). In this city he studied Chemistry and Medicine, in 1959 receiving his diploma. To expand his studies, he moved to Germany. Thanks to nationalize and German was able to get a doctorate and the specialties of anesthesiology and Cytology, finally working as Chief of Cytology at a major University Hospital of Westphalia.

In 1970 he left the service was officially established university and a Cytology laboratory.

He went to further his studies when he learned that it had conducted investigations Günther Enderlein. Since then, has been intensively in the study and dissemination of works by him, making a deep incursion into the study of living blood with dark-field technique (Dunkelfelder blutdiagnostik).

With their books published, "Review of blood in dark field (im Blutuntersuchung Dunkelfelder) and the most recent published in 2004" anonymous friend "the enemy or stranger?" (Verkannte Der Freund oder der unbekannte Feind) defends the theories of Enderlein and seeks medical help for her out of "therapeutic jam" in which, she says, is especially related to chronic diseases, including cancer.

Remember therefore to Dr. Bleker in this blog because we will refer to it because of his great contribution to the field of blood microscopy.

More about using the dark field microscope:

* Dark-field microscope. Definition. How to use
* Dark-field microscope. Research sistatogenia
* Dark-field microscope. Pleomorphism and monomorphism

*Automatic Translation