Diabetes. Symptoms and Causes

Definition of Diabetes Mellitus

Metabolism of carbohydrates, secondary to resistance hipoproducción or biological effect of insulin, characterized by hyperglycemia, glycosuria, thirst, hiperorexia, progressive weight loss, skin conditions (from Carate gangrenosum often), neuralgia, pruritus , acidosis and coma.

Recall that glucose provides energy to the billions of cells that form our bodies. However, for the cells to take advantage of glucose requires insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas, which in turn is like the key that opens the door to the entry of glucose into cells. In type 1 diabetes, the body produces little or no insulin. In type 2 the body does the factory, but not in sufficient quantities. Moreover, cells have difficulty absorbing this hormone syndrome is known as insulin resistance. The result is the same in both types of diabetes: sugar-starved cells and energy, and instead a dangerous rise in blood sugar levels in the blood.

Cause or origin of Diabetes Mellitus
Pancreatic tissue injuries
If, as stated above, diabetes is due to inadequate secretion of the hormone insulin from the pancreas, it is logical that the causes of these must be mentioned before all the injuries of the pancreatic tissue (islets of Langerhans) caused by acute infectious diseases (scarlet fever, typhoid, influenza, etc..) or chronic (syphilis, tuberculosis), in chronic poisoning (alcohol, snuff), for pancreatitis, cirrhosis, pancreatic, etc..

Food Abuse
Other causes of diabetes are ongoing food abuses especially in people who are usually great eaters, especially of bread, pasta and foods rich in carbohydrates. Something that confirms this was the reduction in diabetes cases over the years of World War II due to lack of food in the population.

The excessive increase in the consumption of refined carbohydrates is causing an increase in the number of cases in persons younger than age 40 in recent years. As an example we can cite the case of India: At least 30,000,000 people suffer from diabetes. "Fifteen years ago we had almost no patients younger than 40 years," says a doctor, but now, half of patients do not exceed that age".

The individual constitution, heredity and other factors
Without ignoring the above causes is undeniable that at the onset of diabetes is of fundamental importance the individual constitution and inheritance.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreatic beta cells, which are producing insulin. It is, therefore, an autoimmune disease. Some of the factors that provoke the immune reaction can include viruses, toxic substances and certain medications. But in this type of diabetes appears that there is a genetic predisposition for this type of diabetes is usually hereditary and more common in Caucasians.

The genetic factor is even more important in the case of type 2 diabetes, which occurs most often in people who are not white. Among the most affected are the Australian Aborigines and Native Americans, but especially the latter, who have the highest rate of type 2 diabetes in the world.

Other possible causes of diabetes
Menopause and ovarian hormone secretion of insulin is synergistic.
The psychological trauma (intense emotion).
The physical trauma (contusions, concussions or pancreatic).

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus as the disease progresses
* Among the first symptoms is the feeling of progressive weakness (asthenia).
* Thinning slow and progressive.
* Continuous and troublesome itching (especially in the anal region and the vulva of women).
* Need charged with drink frequently.
* Decreased sex drive.
* Frequently Furunculosis and other rashes.
* Hyperglycemia blood

When the disease is more advanced symptoms are:
* Increased excessive or abnormal appetite, thirst and urination.
* Progressive decay and accentuated (asthenia).
* Progressive decrease sex drive.
* Progressive thinning in some cases may be missing (diabetes obese overweight individuals).

Faced with chronic diabetes

* Visual disturbances, which can lead to blindness (cataract, retinal hemorrhages, optic neuritis, etc.)..
* Kidney problems and nervous.
* Disturbed sensation (paresthesia).
* Increased number of infections weakened immune system (dental caries, gingivitis, abscess, pyorrhea, etc.)..
* Difficulty in healing wounds and ulcers.
* Finally, many lower limb gangrene in the elderly, are of a diabetic.
* Eat.

Errors on diabetes
A common misconception is that eating too much sugar causes diabetes. Medical research has shown that weight gain, no matter how sugar-coma increases the risk of developing diabetes in those who are genetically predisposed. Still, taking too much sugar is unhealthy, it feeds very little and contributes to obesity.

Another misconception is that diabetics have an inordinate craving for sweets. The reality is that they feel the same attraction for them than most people. When uncontrolled, diabetes tends to create a hunger, but not necessarily the desire to take sugar.

Related topic:

Diabetes Mellitus: Natural Treatments
Homeopathy for Diabetes
Diseases of the Pancreas. Symptoms
Healthy blood sugar levels with supplements

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