Acute peritonitis. Definition

Medical Definition: Acute peritonitis

Diffuse swelling, or more or less localized, visceral and parietal peritoneum by infection or irritation to the peritoneal cavity. It is a serious situation, habitualmene, requires emergency surgery to treat both the infection as the cause. Primary peritonitis rarely (not related to the infection of an intraperitoneal viscus): In this case, almost always due to an infection of ascites in patients with cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, peritoneal dialysis, and rarely occur by an invasion of the abdominal cavity, skin germs, in the course of abdominal operations. The vast majority of acute peritonitis secondary to the exit, into the peritoneal cavity, visceral content, perforation of the gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, digestive suture due to leakage and urinary or gynecologic infections. By far the most common situations are the perforation of the appendix in acute appendicitis, gastric or duodenal ulcer, acute colonic diverticulitis, obstruction of the colon and digestive suture dehiscence. See acute abdomen, abdominal guarding, peritoneal irritation, diagnostic laparoscopy, laparotomy, peritoneal washing, paracentesis.

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