Coronary Artery Disease. Definition

Medical Definition: Coronary Artery Disease

A disease in which there is a narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries (blood vessels that carry blood and oxygen to the heart). The cause of coronary artery disease is usually atherosclerosis (a buildup of fatty material and plaque inside the coronary arteries). The disease can cause chest pain, shortness of breath during exercise and heart attacks. The risk of coronary artery disease increases with a family history of coronary artery disease before age 50, advanced age, smoking, snuff, suffer from hypertension, high cholesterol, have diabetes, lack of exercise and obese. Also called CAD and coronary heart disease.

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