Gene Translation. Definition

Medical Definition: Gene Translation

Changing the information contained in the sequence of the mRNA by four nucleotides due to the ordering of the 20 amino acids in the structure of the polypeptide chains. Each amino acid binds to a specific small molecule RNA used for identification, called transfer RNA. This molecule transfers the free amino acids of the solution to the point of formation of the polypeptide chains when indicated by the instructions contained in the molecule of messenger RNA. The process takes place in the interaction of mRNA codons in the region of the anticodon of the aminoacyl-tRNA. We distinguish in it the stages of initiation, elongation and termination involving different protein factors.

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