Human Genome Project. Definition

Medical Definition: Human Genome Project

Research Program of determining the complete nucleotide sequence of the chromosomes of the human species and model organisms used in laboratory experimentation (the bacterium Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis yeast, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans or the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster) to know every one of the human genes, their location and function. Led by James D. Watson and under the Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health, USA, has an annual budget of $ 200 million from 1990 to 2005. Between 1981 and 1995 have been granted worldwide patents on 1.175 human genetic material.

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