Hypertensive retinopathy. Definition

Medical Definition: Hypertensive retinopathy

Retinal changes associated with increased systemic blood pressure. It is characterized by presence of arteriovenous crossings, reflecting the increase of vessel walls and in advanced cases, lipid exudates, hemorrhages, cotton wool spots and even papilledema. In mild cases, the changes are indistinguishable from those associated with atherosclerosis, which is rarely talked esclerohipertensiva retinopathy.

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