Ecology: The complexity of the human environment

We will discuss:
Ecosystem functioning
The complexity of the human environment. Its ecosystem. Adaptation

Ecology is a branch of biology that studies the structure and functioning of nature, including all living beings and their environment, as well as the interrelationships among these.

You could say that studies the structure and functioning of ecosystems. Ecosystems are the basic functional units of the ecology.

An ecosystem consists of: all living things, plants, animals and microorganisms in equilibrium between them (this is called biocenosis), the living environment in these living (biotope), relations between the two (biocenosis and biotope ) and the flow of energy that allows the whole work as an open and interconnected with other ecosystems.

An example of an ecosystem can be a lake, a beach, a forest, a natural park, and even a puddle. The set of all these ecosystems large and small is what we call the biosphere.

Within each of these ecosystems are the organic matter producing organisms (autotrophic) as are plants and algae and other microorganisms. These serve as food for consumer organisms (heterotrophic) which can be primary (herbivores), secondary (carnivores) and tertiary (human). Besides all this are the decomposers that feed on decaying organic matter.

As the ecosystem is open, these can be influenced by external forces that impact on living beings that comprise it. For example, a lake, if there is a prolonged drought, water from this activity can be reduced and may even disappear. As a result there is a breakdown of the balance and living beings living in that ecosystem (fish and birds, for example) must either adapt, or move or perish. In the case of fish would die in the case of birds, would shift, in the case of trees and plants would have to adapt or perish.

Within each ecosystem, each species occupies a particular place is called "niche". This would be the set of habitat conditions, feeding and breeding, etc., Which allows the existence of a living species within the ecosystem. There is constant interaction between these.

A basic law of ecology is that in nature nothing is created or destroyed and lost nothing, everything changes, everything changes and transformations are happening in the art and energy.

Another of the laws of ecology is that ecosystems evolve naturally and spontaneously, when outside influences are not artificial, to plant and animal communities balanced in its structure and functions.

The complexity of the human environment. Its ecosystem. Adaptation.
In the case of ecosystem man's situation is more complex since not only must consider the physical and biological aspects but also the sociocultural environment. Besides the level of cultural development, man has the ability to change and transform their own environment. What you should do is always respected.

The man has a remarkable capacity to adapt to their environment. This adaptation has to be genetic, acclimatization and psychological and psychosocial adaptation.

But adaptation to changes in the environment that produces the man himself takes time. The problem of adaptation is the quantity and quality of factors (physical, chemical, biological, sociocultural, combination of factors) and the time and intensity of exposure to risk. Many times the man not have enough time for this adaptation there is a "maladaptation" that enables man to the existence and reproduction but not the enjoyment of health, or physical and mental wellbeing.

From this perspective, health and illness are viewed as dynamic state of adjustment or maladjustment of the organism to its environment.

This is where the naturopath comes into play, because you have to study man not only from a physical standpoint, physiological or biological, but from a holistic point of view and educational. The naturopath will have to know the ecological system in which the man or the patient lives and also consider not only isolated but within the group or population where you live and even will have to teach him how to live within that system's ability to adapt and enjoy better health.

As mentioned before humans can change the environment in which they live, and in fact is doing a particularly dangerous since the early twentieth century. This is caused especially by the population explosion, the radiation of the seas, bacterial contamination, abandonment of rural areas, air pollution, and a long etc.. Given this situation the bio-ecological solutions in the field of agriculture are crop rotation, crops that eliminate weeds, recovery of less productive land, direct use of solar, wind, etc.., Recovery of byproducts and waste as sources of energy and raw materials and agricultural research to provide specific solutions.

*Automatic Translation