Measles. Symptoms

Definition of Measles
Measles is a rash illness, infectious, highly contagious disease caused by a paramyxovirus.

Symptoms of measles
We can divide the symptoms of measles in the three periods in which the disease develops: a period catarrhal fever (Koplik spots) and proactive.

Symptoms of measles: Period catarrhal
* Between the time of infection and disease onset runs an incubation period of 1-2 weeks
* After the fever is mild (37.5 º -38 º C)
* Influenza like illness: pink eye, tearing, intolerance to light, sneezing, dry cough, pharyngitis, rhinitis, bronchitis
* For the 3-4 days of this blue period, which can be confused with a cold Koplik spots appear

Symptoms of measles exanthematic Period: Koplik's spots
* Rash of many spots scalloped contour
* Bright red spots or dark almost winy that tend to coalesce together to form plaques at some length, which produce the sensation to palpate velvety skin
* This rash begins, usually behind the ear lobes and extends over the face, neck, shoulders, trunk and upper and lower extremities
* After the appearance of the rash of Koplik spots fever increases to reach 40 degrees
* The increase of fever accompanied by a sharpening of the catarrhal symptoms

Symptoms of measles resolving previous
* At 4-5 days the rash began to give
* The fever drops rapidly
* Sometimes there is a process of peeling of the skin (like dandruff)

Complications of measles
Some of the most common complications of measles are pneumonia and diarrhea. Less frequently some purulent otitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, encephalitis and neuritis. Of these, the most serious complications include bronchopneumonia. This leads to the rare fatal cases of measles.

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