Osteopathy: Muscle, contractures, spasms

The muscles most often caused by contractions or spasms adaptations are:

The psoas: Their attachments are born from D12 to L5. Laterally on the transverse process, on top of muscle, going down the front of the pelvis, and inserted into the lower end, on the inside of the lesser trochanter of the femur. Its contraction causes a lumbar lordosis.

Quadratus: located parallel to the lumbar spine laterally. It is inserted above the last rib and at the bottom to the top of the iliac crest. Its contraction causes a lateral flexion of the spine by raising the pelvis and thus shortening the leg.

Scalene: Scalenes are three muscles that extend laterally in the cervical spine from C2 to the first rib. Your spasm causes lateral bending and lateral scoliosis. If the contracture affects both sides of the neck provoked a lordosis of the cervical spine.

The sub-occipital: There are four small muscles located in the back of the neck (occipital area). The lower rectus and the obliques. Is inserted from the bottom of the occiput to the Atlas and Axis, both at the thorny as the transverse processes. His spasms provoked from fixations to rotations of both the Atlas and Axis. It also causes head tilts.

We see how the muscle spasm produces adaptations in the musculoskeletal system, with negative consequences this has on our bodies.

There is a very common event in the injury by muscle contraction. This is pyramidal contracture. Muscles attached in the previous letter of the sacrum and extends out ending its aponeurosis on the upper face of the greater trochanter. Channel passes over the sciatic, and contracture affects the nerve, causing pain typical of that table, as nuisances lumbar, pelvic, and buttock, legs, etc..

For more information visit our Osteopathy course online. Basic Concepts

*Automatic Translation