Osteopathy: Protection function of the spine

PROTECTIVE ROLE OF THE SPINE

The backbone or spine plays a key protective role on the spinal cord.

The spinal cord is a long, cylindrical structure which is housed inside the spinal canal. Their average length is 43 cm. And diameter of 1 cm. It produced 32 pairs of spinal nerves, formed by the 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral and 1 coccygeus. Its internal parts of gray matter, composed of nerve cells, and involve three protective membranes that are the meninges (meningitis why it is so dangerous). The spinal cord is a prolongation of the brainstem and ends on the D12 and L3. The medulla is a key element of the central nervous system. Conducts sensory and motor impulse towards the brain, and conversely, those pairs of this, also controls a large number of reflections.

At the back is the yellow ligament. On the sides are interrupted by the pedicle foramina. This is what enables, through the spinal nerves, the communication with the body.

We say in passing that the most important etiologies which often occur in the spinal cord are: fractures and understanding of the medulla, dislocations, hemorrhage, edema, tumors, infection of the meninges, herniated disk and various arthritic process. The foramina may also be compromised.

The spinal movements of flexion lengthens, and shortens the extension of.

The ligaments of the spine also suffer as the mechanism of the spinal cord. In flexion the posterior ligaments are stretched and shortened before. By contrast, in extension the joint ligaments tighten and loosen anterior posterior ligaments, the apophyseal common and thorny.

Disc lesion with involvement of the spinal nerves, with typical radicular pain it causes, is often a somatic pathology or dysfunction in osteopathy.

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*Automatic Translation