Pancreas. Symptoms of the disease

The pancreas is a mixed gland secretion (external or internal or digestive and insulin) that is in the highest part of the deep abdominal cavity behind the stomach. The pancreas is located in a transverse position with a head, body and tail. Its internal structure is clustered and each of the grains corresponds to a secretory gland acinus.

His name "pancreas" is derived from the union of two Greek words pan (all) and "kreas" (meat), which states that the pancreas is a body of soft tissue, no hard skeleton.

Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas. This inflammation may present acutely or chronically.
Among the acute pancreatitis is acute hemorrhagic (acute pancreatic necrosis, a more appropriate term did not involve an inflammation) and acute pancreatitis purulent. The latter may occur from bacteria (streptococci and staphylococci) that reach the pancreas via the blood (of various septic foci: tonsillitis, otitis media, etc..), Or through the pancreatic duct (derived from the bile ducts).

Symptoms of acute pancreatitis purulent
The symptoms of acute pancreatitis resembling purulent acute pancreatic necrosis. It differs by the lower intensity of pain and the presence of a severe septicaemic state general (fever above 40 degrees) that is missing in pancreatic necrosis.

Chronic pancreatitis
Chronic pancreatitis when it represents the transition from acute ill cured, is due to chronic infections, intoxications (alcohol) and the spread of infection from adjacent organs (cholecystitis, etc.)..

Indurated chronic pancreatitis (or pancreatic cirrhosis) usually associated with liver cirrhosis, and the same as it has its origin more common in alcoholism.

Symptoms of chronic pancreatitis
The patient suffers from chronic pancreatitis the following:
* Abdominal pain more or less intense.
* A severe state of emaciation usually (by insufficient production of pancreatic juice, necessary for digestion and assimilation of food).
* Sometimes diabetes (affected the secretion of insulin from the pancreas.

Symptoms of acute pancreatic necrosis
This condition is extremely serious, rare in Latin countries and more common in Scandinavia, caused by a process of autodigestion of the pancreas.

Following intraglandular activation of pancreatic juice, digestive enzymes of pancreatic juice are active before being expelled by the pancreatic duct (as normally occurs) and causes the digestion of pancreatic glandular tissue which produced them.

The clinical picture, extremely serious, is that of an abdominal colic extreme acuity:
* Pain that starts in the center of the upper midline of the abdomen and radiates to the left or behind. This can cause intense pain fading.
* Vomiting, abdominal distention (meteoric)
* Fever is not high (rarely more than 38 º C)
* Pulse frequent and small.
* Rapid, shallow breathing

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*Automatic Translation