Psychology: Psychoanalysis

Psychology of the Unconscious and Psychoanalysis
Finally the psychology of the unconscious and psychoanalysis, Freud was the main promoter, has been perhaps the most shocking and revolutionary in society. It was in 1893 when it appeared a study entitled "On the psychical mechanism of hysterical phenomena" in which Freud came to the first discoveries to find that hysterical symptoms are not random, but have a sense, because they express in symbolic form certain processes mental patient. When the patient recognizes the hidden meaning of what happens, there is the disappearance of the symptom. Freud developed a theory about the phenomena of resistance or non-recognition of the problems, and transfer, opening the problem or when the person opens and communicates all his feelings, and I think the technique of free association, which consists asking the patient to watch yourself carefully and dispassionately and without interruption relates everything that happens in your consciousness.

From these studies, Freud was able to determine a force called libido. The Freudian libido in the psychic life corresponds to everything that gives some kind of pleasure or delight in man and therefore the various sexual instincts, which in turn can be eliminated and only gradually unite in a particular organization or individual's own normal adult.

After a review of his theories in 1920 Freud described the psychic personality structure as composed of the id (unconscious instinctive part to make us react in ways that sometimes we can not control and you need to know control), I aware (partly regulated by the principle of reality) which is the part you need to know to control all other parties, and the superego (part predominantly unconscious) which is the source of the normative and moral demands imposed primarily sublimation by our parents.

Cone Freud came to this new concept of neurosis. The neuroses are expressions of conflict between the ego and the sexual urges of the id, which are incompatible with the ego. These impulses inhibited by the struggle between the id and the ego are called compulsions (Ex., the mother with food poisoning fears his family or kill the child who cares). These impulses of the libido, so content, that go back to previous stages in the form of symptoms is simply replaced, according to Freud, a sexual manifestation replacement attenuated (ex: the case of someone who can not vent their anger for some injustice suffered and is seeking other ways of downloading and running, screaming solo, kick, take a cold shower, etc.)..

Within the groups belonging to remember the need for real experts in the mental mechanisms in order to identify the humane treatment, according to very specific needs of each individual, and implement human help in each case, outside the strict rules of the groups.

*Automatic Translation