Psychology: Unit psyche-soma

We will discuss:
Psychosomatics. General notions
The psyche-soma unit (monism, dualism)
Psicosomatica: History and doctrine

Psychosomatics. General notions
The psychosomatic is an approach that encompasses all of the integrated processes of transactions between many systems: somatic, psychic, social and cultural development. According to this the psychosomatic approach is characterized by:

1 - ideally aims to be a synthesis, a function of an individual patient, all explanations from diverse backgrounds, an integrated practice that would be supposed to relate information obtained by different methods (clinical, laboratory, observation of the doctor-patient relationship, psychic expression of the patient, information from the family and their environment). It seeks the approach to the patient as a whole and not a disease isolated from its context.

2 - It would be a specialty in which different teams would be united behind the goal of accumulating a certain number of knowledge and information about a certain individual. Since this discipline could be confused with other medical practices, we prefer to emphasize the importance of research of psyche-soma interactions in what we call psycho-physical analysis.

That these interactions occur psyche-soma that observed for millennia. Examples: Death hypnotized by the voodoo, the impact of stress on the body, but early mortality of neurotics, and as affect the degree of passivity of the locked in concentration camps.

The psyche-soma unit
The interaction or psyche-soma unit has been subject of many different theories throughout history.

Among the main theories with their various forms are:

Monism: The existence of a single principle: the body or soul. If you consider the soul as the only reality is called idealism. If the material body is called materialism.

Dualism: The existence of two different principles in man: body and soul. Hileformismo, when body and soul are one substance. Interactionism, when body and soul are two substances that influence each other. Parallelism, when body and soul are two substances that act independently. Psycho-physical parallelism, when body and soul are two different aspects of man.

Psicosomatica: History and doctrine
One of the main authors who have developed a coherent system on the specificity of psychosomatic illness is Franz Alexander older.
Alexander said there are two types of psychosomatic diseases: one is to block hostile aggressive tendencies (fight or flight) and the other by blocking tendencies to dependence and seeking support.

Because defects in the character and the aforementioned blocks in the first case affected the sympathetic nervous system may occur: migraine, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, cardiac neurosis, arthritis, diabetes, etc.. In the second case the blockade affects the parasympathetic nervous system and illnesses may include: stomach ulcers, constipation, diarrhea, colitis, state of fatigue, asthma.

The reaction of the body affected by these states can be:
1 .- cronica, not changing patterns
2 .- temporary, changing thought patterns and lifestyle.
3 .- repeat, if the mental picture is fixed. It does not change their fixed ideas and somatization occur again.

*Automatic Translation