Seaweed: The greens of the sea

The underwater flora of the Atlantic Ocean provides a considerable amount of these marine plants are algae food rich in mineral and vitamin B12.

Seaweed, although virtually abandoned for human consumption in Western countries, are consumed in the Far East, to the extent that there are about 25% of diets, and even in Japan, some algae are being authentic food crops industrial, since it has seen its nutritional value equals or exceeds that of terrestrial plants, so they are an excellent food supplement.

Composition of algae
The main components of edible seaweed carbohydrates (sugars or vegetable gums), small amounts of minerals (especially iodine and potassium) and a large amount of water (80 - 90%).

a) Protein: While the algae containing them in small quantities, their rates vary according to species and collection sites. From among them the genus Porphyra "are by far the most rich in these substances, which may even be up to 75% digestible.

b) Carbohydrates: Like proteins, it is necessary to consider not only the content but the degree of digestibility of different carbohydrates that are composed of algae. As a general rule can be stated that the content of total carbohydrate absorbed hover around 25%, but apparently the extent of absorption increases in proportion to the state of malnutrition of the body.

c) Iodine: In the East it is considered that the use of algae in the diet is the main cause of the absence of goiter in this area, which is attributable to iodine-containing; content varies from one type to another, from 0 , 07 and 0.76%.

d) Vitamins: Generally, 100 grams of algae supply much vitamin A, B2 and B12, exceeding the body's needs, and 67% of it has vitamin C. There is a genre, that of "Porphyra" which, by weight, provides more vitamin C than oranges.

Therapeutic properties. Iodine
For all the above it follows that the algae, in addition to their nutritional value are beneficial for their content of iodine, necessary for the prevention of goiter and certain skin diseases, with the peculiarity that when being in perfect equilibrium with other mineral elements - traces, which are also present, neutralize its toxicity if given excessive dosing by ingestion of algae rich in this mineral.

Iodine helps the revitalization of our body by the thyroid gland. This gland does not receive a sufficient amount of iodine can not fulfill the important role it plays in the metabolic functioning and coordinates the secretion of different organs regulates the body's fat stores and acts on cardiac function and blood circulation. Action on skin disinfectant.

Seaweeds are also useful in many fields of application, such as fatigue, stimulating the endocrine glands, slimming cures, combat constipation and as a contribution of vitamin B12 in vegetarian diets.

Seaweeds are not only interesting from the standpoint of macrobiotic regime, which are indispensable, but for the many benefits they provide:

1) In its content in amino acids, vitamins, iodine, trace elements, and mucilages diastase.
2) be real concentrated seawater tanks containing genuine products from the same life-giving.
3) Because suspended in warm fresh water and release those "elements of life", hence allowing the possibility of a cure marine practice at home, either by mouth or through the skin.

Forms of use of algae
They can be used in many forms and in many ways: as pure dried seaweed, mixed with breakfast with rice, etc.., Mixed with yeast, jams, dips and spreads in the form of seaweed extracts. Each species of edible seaweed possesses some characteristic properties. Article is a brief description of the most typical algae.

Bibliography

J.L. KIGER and J.G. KIGER .- "Biscuiterie et Produits de régime". Volume 1. Dumod editions. Paris, 1967.
R.R. PARIS and H. MOYSE .- 'Matiere Medical », Masson, Paris, 1976.
C. Craplet. 'Alimentation d'aujourd'hui et de demain ". Vigor Frères. Paris. 1971.

*Automatic Translation