Sodium. Functions and properties

Sodium Properties
Sodium is considered as a second biochemical importance to the welfare of our body. The associated sodium chloride or bicarbonate ion has a key role in the body and which controls and regulates the water balance. Maintains the osmotic pressure of extracellular fluid and acid-base balance. Sodium is very important to avoid excessive loss of body fluids. Sodium keeps the joints flexible and gives the stomach wall alkalinity required to secrete the necessary amount of hydrochloric acid.

Another function of sodium is collaborating in nerve impulse conduction so that makes it possible muscle contractions. It makes possible the contraction of blood vessels due to nerve stimulation or by the action of certain hormones.

In addition, the sodium part of the secreting glands of the body, saliva, sweat and juices. Sodium makes the calcium more soluble and can be transformed into bone tissue.

Sodium Sources
Sodium requirements vary between 800 and 2000 mg. daily

No food without salt. The poorest of all, pineapple, contains 0.3 mg/100 g.

Foods that naturally contain sodium stress from most to least: offal or organ meats, shellfish, eggs, fish, meat, milk, fresh cheeses, fresh vegetables and fresh fruits (some mg/100 g).

Keep in mind that while vegetables provide little amount of sodium, however, turnip, celery, watercress, dandelion, spinach and carrots contain about 50 mg/100 g.

On the other hand, are all foods that have undergone salting: Sausages, ham, bacon, preserves, bread, biscuits, etc., Etc. All these foods may have a sodium content of between 300-2000 mg/100 g.

Another source of sodium is table salt, sea salt from the Himalayas, and so on. used in the kitchen. The refined gr/100 provides about 40 g. Since consumption of salt is usually between 4.10 gr. diet in different countries as there is no deficit problem. All excess salt is excreted by the kidneys.

Symptoms of lack of sodium

Extracellular dehydration: dry skin, which retains the wrinkle, palpitations, hypotension, sunken eyeballs.

These symptoms can occur in cases of:
* Heat stroke.
* Great physical activity (athletes) with much perspiration.
* Persons exposed to the sun without being accustomed, and so on.
* Vomiting and prolonged diarrhea.
* Diuretics with lack of control.

When we suffer from gas, dyspepsia, belching, bloating, we can be sure that these gastrointestinal disorders are due to sodium deficiency.

The pains in joints, rheumatism, arthritis, neuritis, neuralgia and inflammation of the body all suggest the need for sodium to neutralize the acids that cause these diseases.

Symptoms of excess sodium
* Edema (increased extracellular fluids).
* Heart failure.
* Kidney Diseases.
* Cirrhosis
* Blood pressure.

However, it should be borne in mind that sodium does not have to be the cause but the condition that allows these pathologies.

Articles on minerals:
* Chlorine. Properties and Functions
* Iron: functions, deficiency symptoms and causes of
* Magnesium. Its properties and indications
* Potassium: properties and functions
* Calcium: Properties and functions. Symptoms of excess or deficit
* Phosphorus: Properties and Functions
* The sulfur. Properties and Functions

*Automatic Translation